(1884 – 1956)

Julius Smarods

Julijs Smarods was a self-taught Latvian mycologist. He studied microscopic and mainly parasitic fungi of Latvia. Together with the Hungarian mycologist G. Moesz he described 33 new fungi species, including the smut fungus Sorosporium lavrovianum Smarods. Several species were named after him: Diplodina smarodsii Moesz on Solidago canadensis L.; Entylomella smarodsii Moesz on Typhoides arundinacea (L.) Moench; Leptosphaeria smarodsii Moesz on Convallaria majalis L.; Septoria smarodsii Moesz on Amaranthus adscendentis Lois.; Valsella smarodsiana Kirchst. on Vaccinium myrtillus L. In 1931-1956 he issued Fungi Latvici Exsiccati [Exsiccati of Latvian Fungi] in 27 fascicles with 1,350 specimens. The last, the 28th fascicle was edited by his students in 1963.

In Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the Latvian SSR, Smarods published results of his surveys of the Peronosporales, Ascomycetes, Hymenomycetes, Uredinales and conidial. Altogether he published about 40 scientific and 900 popular scientific works. He also accumulated a large dried fungal reference collection. From 1922 onwards, Smarods worked at the Latvian Institute of Plant Protection. After the Second World War, this became the Baltic Branch of the All-Union Institute of Plant Protection. For his work there, Smarods was awarded the title of "Honoured Worker of Science of the Latvian SSR".

Lists. Publications. Taxa. Kirk & Ansell form of name: Smarods.

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